Instead, those events were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden. Olympic Games; Olympic Winter Games; Youth Olympic Games; All . The veteran Shirley Strickland repeated her 1952 win in the 80 metre hurdles and was also part of the winning 4 x 100 metre relay team, bringing her career Olympic medal total to seven: three golds, a silver, and three bronze medals. Throughout the Olympics, Hungarian athletes were cheered by fans from Australia and other countries. On the obverse, the traditional goddess of victory, holding a palm in her left hand and a winner’s crown in her right. Tom Courtney barely overtook Great Britain's Derek Johnson in the 800 metre run, then collapsed from the exertion and needed medical attention. He still held out the possibility that Rome might have to step in. Melbourne was selected as the host city over bids from Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Montreal, Los Angeles, Detroit, Chicago, Minneapolis, Philadelphia, and San Francisco at the 43rd IOC Session in Rome, Italy on 28 April 1949. A torch carried at the 1956 Stockholm Olympic Games is expected to make $175,000 at specialist Olympic auctioneer Ingrid O'Neil on April 26. There were 158 entries from 29 countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Great All three disciplines had both individual and team competitions. There was a major upset, marred briefly by controversy, in the 3,000 metre steeplechase. Despite uncertainties and various complications encountered during the preparations, the 1956 Games went ahead in Melbourne as planned and turned out to be a success. The game became rough and, when a Hungarian was forced to leave the pool with a bleeding wound above his eye, a riot almost broke out. [9] In the list below, the number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses. Stockholm was awarded host of the equestrian events in 1956 because Australia (host of the Summer Olympics) had an animal quarantine and the events involving horses could not be staged in Australia. They scored more than twice as many points as their opponents and won each of their games by at least 30 points. The 1956 Olympics were the first held in the Southern Hemisphere. Melbourne 1956-Opening ceremony: the delegations in the Olympic stadium. Notwithstanding these concerns, the field of candidates eventually narrowed to two Southern Hemisphere cities, these being Melbourne and Buenos Aires, Argentina. Stockholm 1956-Equestrian- HARTEL-HOLST (DEN) 2nd, SAINT CYR (SWE) 1st, LINSENHOFF-SCHINDLING (EUA) 3rd. With Ron Clarke, Ademar Da Silva, Alain Mimoun, Wilma Rudolph. Official Oath by: [citation needed]. The Soviet invasion of Hungary provoked protests from numerous western countries, and some of them, such as Spain, Switzerland and the Netherlands, withdrew from the Games. LA 2028; Milano Cortina 2026 . French long-distance runner Alain Mimoun had tasted Olympic defeat on the track three times at the hands of Czech Emil Zátopek. Melbourne is the most southerly city ever to host the Olympics. The Soviet Union won the most gold and overall medals. Having the equestrian events in Stockholm rather than Melbourne naturally had an impact on the official report. Official opening of the Games by: On the reverse, the Olympic rings with a superimposed torch, a composition based on the design by the Greek artist Vasos Falireas (1905-1979) and approved by the International Olympic Committee. Although the number of countries participating (67) was almost the same as in 1952 (69), the number of athletes competing dropped sharply, from 4,925 to 3,342. The competitions were held from 11 to 17 June 1956 at Stockholm Olympic Stadium. Javascript must be enabled for the correct page display Instead of marching as separate teams, behind their national flags, the athletes mingled together as they paraded into and around the arena for a final appearance before the spectators. Melbourne was selected, in 1949, to host the 1956 Olympics by a one-vote margin. The obverse was designed by John Sjösvard. Australia did not host the Games again until 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales. Upon the suggestion of John Ian Wing, a Chinese apprentice carpenter living in Australia, it was decided to let all the athletes parade together, rather than by country, as a symbol of world unity. The Organising Committee for the Games in Munich in 1972 broke new ground by having a different reverse which was designed by a Bauhaus representative, Gerhard Marcks. The 1956 Summer Olympics (officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad) were an international multi-sport event held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, from 22 November to 8 December 1956, with the exception of the equestrian events, which were held in Stockholm, Sweden, in June 1956. Directed by Peter Whitchurch. The equestrian events at the 1956 Summer Olympics were held in Stockholm due to the Australian quarantine regulations and included dressage, eventing, and show jumping. Melbourne 1956-Opening ceremony: the delegations. The first sign of trouble was the revelation that Australian equine quarantine would prevent the country from hosting the equestrian events. skip to content. The team eventing at the 1956 Summer Olympics took place between 11 and 14 June, at the … Melbourne 1956-Opening ceremony: the delegations. It is in the form of an invitation card folded three times. Melbourne won the right to host the 1956 Olympic Games by one vote over Buenos Aires. HRH the Duke of Edinburgh, Lighting the Olympic Flame by: The November–December schedule was thought likely to inconvenience athletes from the Northern Hemisphere, who were accustomed to resting during their winter. The new Olympic Channel brings you news, highlights, exclusive behind the scenes, live events and original programming, 24 hours a day, 365 days per year. Brasher's appeal was supported by Larsen, Rozsnyói, and fourth-place finisher Heinz Laufer of Germany. Murray Rose became the first male swimmer to win two freestyle events since Johnny Weissmuller in 1924, while Dawn Fraser won gold medals in the 100 metre freestyle and as the leadoff swimmer in the 4 x 100 metre relay team. This is the only time in the Games' hundred-year existence that the unity of time and place, as stipulated in the Charter, has not been observed. Five nations competed in the equestrian events in Stockholm, but did not attend the Games in Melbourne. .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  *   Host nation (Australia), (*)(competed at the Equestrian games in Stockholm only), Participating National Olympic Committees, Melbourne 1956 Olympic Games - Official Olympic Film, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Royal Australian Air Force, Laverton Air Base, "Factsheet – Opening Ceremony of the Games of the Olympiad", "Past Olympic host city election results", "The Olympians: Olga Fikotová, Czechoslovakia", "Olympics Special: The Lost Olympians (Page 1)", "Melbourne – Stockholm 1956: (ALL FACTS)",, Articles needing additional references from February 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, These were the first Summer Olympic Games under the IOC presidency of, Greek runners took the flame from Olympia to. As late as April 1955, Brundage was still doubtful about Melbourne and was not satisfied by an inspection trip to the city. Melbourne won the right to host the 1956 Olympic Games by one vote over Buenos Aires. Sweden competed at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia, with the exception of the equestrian events, which could not be held in Australia due to quarantine regulations. This was the first time that the Games had been held in Oceania. On the obverse, the ancient horse and rider emblem of the Equestrian Games in Stockholm accompanied by the specific inscription “XVI OLYMPIADENS RYTTARTAVLINGAR 1956 STOCKHOLM” .