Most of us know owls to be nocturnal (active at night), but the snowy owl is actually diurnal (active during the day). The harsh tundra habitat of the snowy owl. Overall, currently, Snowy owls are classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List but their numbers today are decreasing. Its abundant coat helps make it one of the heaviest members of the owl family, with adults weighing approximately 1.8 kilos (4 pounds). The snowy owl is the official bird of Quebec, and they are a must-see for countless bird watchers and naturalists. The snowy owl is one of the largest of all owls. Snowy Owl Habitat. Depending on the amount of prey available, clutch size ranges from 3 to 11 eggs, which are laid singly, approximately every other day over the course of several days. The breeding season is usually from May to June. Snowy owls inhabit open tundra and can also be found in coastal dunes and prairies, open moorland, meadows, marshes, and agricultural areas. Most of their hunting is done in the "sit and wait" style; prey may be captured on the ground or in the air, or fish may be snatched off the surface of bodies of water using their sharp talons. To meet its daily food requirement the Snowy owl must capture roughly 7 to 12 mice per day. Their wingspan is 1.2 – 1.5 meters (4 – 5 feet), and they stand about .6 meters tall (2 feet). Snowy owl pairs usually mate for life. Snowy owls are found across the entirety of the Circumpolar Regions. Flights are short and low to the ground, and they wait for prey as opposed to flying and searching. Some birds remain in the breeding area year-round if conditions allow while others winter south through Canada and northern Eurasia. The ground is rocky and hard with permafrost. This bird is very rarely found in forest areas, spending tim… In settled areas, snowy owls will be seen perching on fences and buildings. The snowy owl is noted for its beautiful white plumage and startling yellow eyes. Snowy owls are opportunistic hunters and a variety of prey species may vary considerably, especially in winter. It's that time of year again, when birders and wildlife enthusiasts hope to catch a magical glimpse of a snowy owl. The summer habitation of these owls is far north of the Arctic Circle. The Spitsbergen and Northeast Greenland cruise sails waters filled with breath-taking scenery. The Snowy owl is the official bird of Quebec, Canada. The expedition will spot huge i, We have a total of The binomial species name,“scandiacus,” is derived from Scandinavia, as this is where the bird was first discovered. Fun Facts for Kids. Spanning the northern regions of Canada, Alaska, Europe, and Russia, the tundra is a habitat generally found north of 71.2 degrees latitude. Only the female sits on the eggs, and the male provides food for her while she incubates. As they get older, they start to grow their signature white plumage. To be specific, the habitat consists of regions with low and sparse vegetation―open land usually consisting of peaty soil covered with heather, bracken, and moss, open fields, valley floors, salt and freshwater meadows, lakeshores, marshes, and marine coastlines. Their calls are varied, but the alarm call is a barking, almost quacking krek-krek; the female also has a softer mewling pyee-pyee or prek-prek. 2. Unlike many of the predatory birds from warmer regions, snowy owls are nomadic. As the snowy owl lives in a mostly treeless environment, they can often be spotted resting on the ground or on natural perches, such as mounds or rocks. Snowy owls are native to Arctic regions in North America and Eurasia. Arctic tundra is the breeding ground of snowy owls. The owlets (juvenile owls) hatch white. 8 Fascinating Facts About Snowy Owls November 23, 2015. While you won’t find them in all areas of the Arctic – they don’t exist in Svalbard due to the lack of lemmings – snowy owls are seen in the polar regions of Eurasia and North America and are a potential visitor during Greenland cruises. Snowy owls are one of the heaviest among all owls due to their abundant coat. 16 cruises. The expedition passes through areas that are home to se, PLA13-21 Adult males are mostly white but can have some dark colouring on their wing tips. Female snowy owls lay from 3 to 11 eggs at a time, in a nest built on the ground. Birds preyed upon include ptarmigan, ducks, geese, shorebirds, pheasants, grouse, coots, grebes, gulls, songbirds, and even other raptors, including other owl species. However, these birds are large, strong, and have a fierce bite. They aggressively chase away intruders or any other predators that threaten their eggs or hatchlings. Lemmings make up the main part of the snowy owls' diet, and lemming population numbers rise and fall naturally. The European population consists of 700-2,300 pairs, which equates to 1,400-4,600 mature individuals. Hatching takes place approximately 5 weeks after laying, and the pure white helpless owlets are cared for by both parents. Generally, the habitat of the snowy owl comprises places of low elevation such as those at 600 feet. The chicks will be cared for by their parents for the first five or six weeks, while they grow their plumage and learn to fly and hunt. As Snowy owls rely primarily on lemmings in their diet they can eat more than 1,600 of these rodents per year. The expedition passes through areas that are home to se, OTL13-21 Most birds have bare legs, but the snowy owl has feathers covering its legs and feet to further insulate it from the cold. Snowy owls play an important role in their ecosystem; they control populations of a wide range of small rodents which is especially useful in agricultural regions. Scientists can use these pellets to gain information about the owl’s diet and hunting habits. Their hearing is so good that they can even hear prey moving under the snow. To meet its daily food requirement the Snowy owl must capture roughly 7 to 12 mice per day. The Snowy owl is the official bird of Quebec, Canada. According to the IUCN Red List, the total Snowy owl population size is around 28,000 mature individuals. As you might expect, the snowy owl lives in snowy areas. More specifically, they are crepuscular, which means they are most active at dawn and at dusk. Snowy owls have such an acute hearing that they are able to hear prey moving under the snow. Gravel bars and abandoned eagle nests may also be used. They also migrate to the northernmost regions of Canada, Europe, Asia and Alaska. They are often seen resting on the ground or on mounds, rocks, fences, and buildings. Snowy owls nest on the ground, building a scrape on top of a mound or boulder. The snowy owl is typically found in the northern circumpolar region, where it makes its summer home north of latitude 60° north though sometimes down to 55 degrees north.