Phytoliths are very representative in Typical Argiudolls and show a great degree of weathering so they could be into account in the biogeochemical studies since they could contribute with silica content in the soil solution, affecting the terrestrial silica biogeochemical cycle. In: Rapp G, Mulholland SC (eds) Phytolith systematics. In: Zucol A, Osterrieth M, Brea M (eds) Fitolitos. In these horizons, 90.7–94.4% of the phytolith content constitutes the labile pool and 9.3–5.6% the stable pool. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Glob Biogeochem Cycles 16:1121–1129, Derry L, Kurtz A, Ziegler K, Chadwick O (2005) Biological control of terrestrial silica cycling and export fluxes to watersheds. Alt… In the workplace, respirable silica is loaded onto a 25 mm, 0.5µm pore size silver membrane filter. Geology 27:835–838, Miretzky P, Conzonno V, Fernández Cirelli A (2001) Geochemical proceses controlling silica concentrations in groundwaters of the Salado River drainage basin, Argentina. In: Dixon JB, Weed SB (eds) Minerals in soil environments. Estado actual de sus conocimientos en América del Sur. In: Rapp G, Mulholland SC (eds) Phytolith systematics. The dissolved silica that is absorbed from the alimentary tract is carried to the kidney and excreted in the urine. Métodos de laboratorio y procedimientos para recoger muestras. Copyright © 1967 Academic Press Inc. Ann Bot 87:425–434, Chadwick OA, Graham RC (2000) Pedogenic processes. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Soil solution is the immediate source of the silica that is always absorbed by soil-grown plants. Total stock of phytoliths represents 5.9 to 12.9 wt.% and is higher in the arboreal plots. When the proportion of quartz grains in a soil sample is higher, its proportion of fine-grained clay and silt is lower. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 61:677–682, Article  Nature 433:728–731, Epstein E (1994) Silicon. In: Gallardo Lancho J (ed) Medioambiente en Iberoamérica II: 583–590, Osterrieth M (2008) Silicofitolitos en sedimentos loéssicos de la llanura inter y periserrana de Tandilia, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Rivadavia 1917, CP C1033AAJ, Cuidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, Natalia Borrelli, María Fernanda Alvarez & Jorge E. Marcovecchio, You can also search for this author in This chapter discusses several aspects of silica in the chain from soil through plant to animal. 16th Congreso Mundial de la Ciencia del Suelo, pp 1–8, Osterrieth M, Madella M, Zurro D, Alvarez MF (2009) Taphonomical aspects of silica phytoliths in the loess sediments of the Argentinean Pampas. J Soils Sediments 10, 983–994 (2010)., DOI:, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. In the A horizons, phytolith fraction represents about 59.6 × 103 to 103.5 × 103 kg/ha. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. APHA, Washington, Andreux F, Ranger J (2004) Effet des substitutions d’essence sur le fonctionnement organo-minéral de l’écosystème forestier, sur les communautés microbiennes et sur la diversité des communautés fongiques mycorhiziennes et saprophytes (cas du disopositif experimental de Breuil-Morvan). Journal of Soils and Sediments Rev Palaeobot Palynol 125:201–248, Wilding LP, Smeck NE, Dress LR (1989) Silica in soils: quartz, crystobalite, tridymite and disordered silica polymorphs. Meteoros 1(1):3–32, Cabrera AL (1976) Regiones fitogeográficas argentinas. British Archaeological Reports (BAR), Oxford, pp 57–63, Fernández Honaine M, Osterrieth ML, Zucol AF (2009) Plant communities and soil phytolith assemblages relationship in native grasslands from southeastern Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Contrat INRA, Programme: Biodiversité et Gestion forestière, 202 p, Basile-Doelsch I (2006) Si stable isotopes in the earth´s surface: a review. Academic, New York, Richards LA (1954) Pasta saturada, mezclada. Agric Res J Kerala 6:88–99 Google Scholar Narayanaswamy C, Prakash NB (2009) Calibration and categorization of plant available silicon in rice soils of South India. doi:doi:10.1029/2006GB002690, Borrelli N, Osterrieth M, Marcovecchio J (2008) Interrelations of vegetal cover, silicophytolith content and pedogenesis of Typical Argiudolls of the Pampean Plain, Argentina. Plenum, New York, pp 65–89, Osterrieth M (2000) Silicofitolitos una herramienta para la comprensión de procesos pedológicos del Cuaternario. Soil Sci Soc Am J 51:975–982, Clarke J (2003) The occurrence and significance of biogenic opal in the regolith. In: Sumner ME (ed) Handbook of soil science, section E pedology. Hidrología Subterránea 13:241–250, Meunier JD, Collin F, Alarcon C (1999) Biogenic silica storage in soils., SOILS, SEC 1 • SOIL ORGANIC MATTER DYNAMICS AND NUTRIENT CYCLING • RESEARCH ARTICLE. Ann Bot 98:1155–1165, Fernández Honaine M, Bernava Laborde V, Zucol A (2008) Contenido de sílice en gramíneas del pastizal nativo del sudeste bonaerense. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 72:741–758, Giesler R, Lundström US, Grip H (1996) Comparison of soil solution chemistry assessment using zero-tension lysimeters or centrifugation. The aim of this work is to assess phytolith’s role on the biogeochemical cycle of Si in Typical Argiudolls under different vegetation of the Pampean Plain, Argentina. N. L. Borrelli also thanks CONICET for a fellowship granted to her as well as to anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and criticisms. The presence of silica in pasture plants ensures that grazing ruminants ingest rather large amounts of silica, most of which is in the solid form. Little is known on the silica biogeochemical cycle in terrestrial environments. Instituto de Geología de Costas y del Cuaternario, FCEyN, UNMdP, CC 722 (7600) Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Natalia Borrelli, María Fernanda Alvarez & Margarita L. Osterrieth, Instituto Argentino de Oceanografía (IADO), Área de Oceanografía Química, CCT-CONICET-Bahía Blanca, CC 804 (8000) Bahía Blanca, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Avda. - CAS  Acacia and eucalyptus do not produce phytoliths; instead, Dactylis glomerata (grass) is a silica-accumulating species, and their phytolith assemblage is composed basically by oblong and crenate, smooth elongate, rectangular and prickles within isolated phytoliths, and smooth long cells articulated. In groundwaters, silica content is very high (932 μmol/L). In: Klute A (ed) Methods of soil analysis, part 1: physical and mineralogical methods. In: Investigación de suelos. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. The work has been developed in three plots with different vegetal cover: grasses and shelter-belt plantations of Acacia melanoxylon–Celtis tala and Eucalyptus globulus–C. et al. Geoderma 127:71–79, Fernández Honaine M, Zucol A, Osterrieth M (2005) Biomineralizaciones de sílice en Cestis tala Planchon (Celtidaceae). J Geochem Explor 73:155–166, Mulholland SC, Rapp G (1992) A morphological classification of grass silica-bodies. Although it is normally excreted readily, the silica is sometimes deposited to form calculi or uroliths that can cause serious economic loss. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 169:310–329, Twiss PC (1992) Predicted world distribution of C3 and C4 grass phytoliths. Geoderma 107:197–226, Gerard F, Mayer KU, Hodson MJ, Ranger J (2008) Modelling the biogeochemical cycle of silicon in soils: application to a temperate forest ecosystem. Global Biogeochem Cycles 20:GB3023. Ann Bot 96:1027–1046, Kelly E, Chadwick O, Hilinski T (1998) The effect of plants on mineral weathering. Plenum, New York, pp 113–128, Wallis L (2003) An overview of leaf phytolith production patterns in selected northwest Australian flora. In the arboreal plots, SiO2 content in soil solution is higher (406–1,106 μmol/L) and decreases with depth, while in the grass plot, SiO2 content is lesser (421–777 μmol/L) and increases with depth; probably because of differences in the nutritional requirements and root design between vegetal species, therefore, in the different depth uptake from the soil solution.