Whoever controlled Florida controlled the rich shipping lanes coming from the Spanish Caribbean. Despite Philip's protests, Jean Ribault sailed from France in May 1565 with more than 600 soldiers and settlers to resupply Fort Caroline. Fort Matanzas originally had five cannons. Oglethorpe finally gave up and retreated, but returned in 1742 and approached the recently completed Fort Matanzas with 12 ships. The boats leave The history of Fort Matanzas and the Matanzas inlet south of St. Augustine, Florida. Throughout its history, the stories of Fort Matanzas and the Matanzas River have been closely intertwined with that of the city of St. Augustine. What would the French have done to the Spanish if the hurricane had not wrecked their ships? In 1569 a wooden watchtower and a hut were built just north of the Matanzas Inlet which housed 6 soldiers 14 miles south of Saint Augustine. Throughout its history, the stories of Fort Matanzas and the Matanzas River have been closely intertwined with that of the city of St. Augustine. 32080. Afterwards, he came to this spot, now known as Matanzas – the Spanish word for massacre – and executed the shipwreck survivors on these sands. The British Threat & The Building of Fort Matanzas The history of Fort Matanzas began with an incident almost 200 years before its construction: the Spanish massacre of French forces in 1565. Perhaps, as leader of his people, Menéndez knew that survival of the French in October might have meant the starvation of everyone by May. The park is open seven days a week and a free passenger ferry carries visitors over to the fort (there is no bridge). More French survivors appeared at the inlet, including Jean Ribault. He marched with 70 soldiers to where an inlet had blocked 127 of the shipwrecked Frenchmen trying to get back to Fort Caroline (5 on map). The monument’s park entrance is located at 8635 A1A South slightly north of Matanzas Inlet where a short road leads you to the touring grounds. The Spanish came ashore on September 8 and established and named their new village "St. Augustine" (3 on map) because land had first been sighted on the Feast Day of St. Augustine, August 28. The Massacre of the French by Menendez and his men at The first conflict goes back to 1565, the year of the founding of St. Augustine and almost 175 years before the construction of Fort Matanzas. The first conflict goes back to 1565, the year of the founding of St. Augustine and almost 175 years before the construction of Fort Matanzas. From that time, the inlet was called Matanzas -- meaning "slaughters" in Spanish. It took place near or possibly within the area which now makes up the monument. Spanish treasure fleets sailed along the Florida coast on their way to Spain and Fort Caroline provided a perfect base for French attacks. Nature Trails. With food already low and no chance for resupply until spring, would there have been food and shelter for all if the French had been brought back to the new village of St. Augustine? The first conflict goes back to 1565, the year of the founding of St. Augustine and almost 175 years before the construction of Fort Matanzas. Located fifteen miles north of Fort Matanzas, St. Augustine and the Castillo de San Marcos serve as outstanding reminders of the might of the early Spanish empire and as reflections of European conflicts as countries battled for land and power in the New World. Only sixteen were spared - a few who professed being Catholic, some impressed Breton sailors, and four artisans needed at St. Augustine. Massacre Fort Matanzas National Monument.