There’s one rooted on C and its modes and there’s one rooted on C sharp or D flat. Remember with a minor there’s ambiguity at the sixth and seventh levels. Diminisheds tend to crop up less frequently, but there’s still a lot that you can do with them. We’ haven’t discussed the melodic minor descending but if you just look at it, it’s just E flat major rooted on C. In other words, it’s just a mode of E flat - the sixth mode - the Aeolian mode, if you want to be specific. next, we can add an additional note to the triad. This scale is primarily used in jazz music and works well together with alternate seventh chords. I call it the “nine note scale” and it’s just what you get if you start - instead of going tone, semitone, tone, semitone, tone, semitone, you go semitone, tone, semitone, tone, semitone, tone. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. We’ve only looked at scales where the steps are separated by a tone or a semitone. Take these patterns through all 12 keys and think about the different chord tones and landing points to resolve your patterns and lines. In our example’s case, that would be the C major scale. We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas. That has a set of modes which are different again, but they’re not used very much. Then that clearly is a major seventh and the the only thing that is different from the Ionian scale is the fact that the sixth or the thirteenth is flattened. Now I want to tell you something slightly remarkable about the diminished scale, in that it contains 8 triads. I only really came across the diminished scale fairly late in my jazz career. It isn’t a scale in the sense of tone or semitone steps. The diminished scale can be created by stacking two diminished 7th chords a half-step apart on top of one another: Notice that the scale has eight unique notes, thus the name octatonic (which literally means eight tones). We use that with an augmented seventh - augmented means sharpened fifth. These are: The Half-Whole (H/W) Diminished Scale With this way of thinking, we actually have only 3 different diminished chords and scales, as they repeat in every minor 3rd. Explore tech trends, learn to code or develop your programming skills with our online IT courses from top universities. it works as a dominant function and each diminished chord is a rootless dominant b9 chord for 4 different dominants. There’s D diminished. The half tone, whole tone formula is consistent throughout the scale, for which reason it is sometimes called the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale. Take, for example, a voicing for C diminished, then we can arpegiate D major. Whereas in minor scales, a diminished triad occurs on the 2nd scale degree. But we don’t use it very much in jazz. Diminished 7th chords are not as common as major, minor and dominant chords and so you don’t see them as often in jazz standards. it works as a tension to the tonic which is a different kind of tension to a. let’s start with a simple major triad derived from the scale. but rooted on C So it’s just a mode of the diminished scale and, in that sense, I don’t think it offers anything very much new. Learning these patterns will help you find great sounding diminished material for your improvisations. Register for free to receive relevant updates on courses and news from FutureLearn. Course Progress Bar. We consider some diminished scale theory and look briefly at the whole tone, harmonic minor, harmonic major and Spanish Phrygian scales. Each of the 3 diminished pitch collection (scales) can start (and end) on 8 different notes, corresponding to eight different chords (4 diminished chords and 4 “7(b9)” or “13(b9)” chords). Leonore Van Voorden completed the quiz Quiz 7 - Finding The Key To A Melody. That’s all I really want to say about scales. That’s the diminished scale. There’s lots of other scales around - exotic scales - where you can have bigger intervals, or you miss out notes. There’s just one I want to look at which we’re going to make use of a bit later on and that’s the Spanish Phrygian. When do we use that? If we use the other voicing, the thirteenth, then we use the sharpen fifth - we take that form of it. Welcome to part 2 of this lesson on the tune Stardust. … There’s C sharp diminished. Well we’ve met the whole tone scale just tones placed on top of each other. one more, having an inversion of a major triad and adding minor 3rd in the chord gives you a cool sound. For example, the harmonic minor. So that’s a diminished scale which we use when we come across a seventh with a flattened ninth. Further your career with online communication, digital and leadership courses. But for completeness, I just want to finish off discussing the diminished scale and a few other scales. Each diminished scale contains 4 major triads which can be used to create melodies, patterns, and improvised material. FutureLearn offers courses in many different subjects such as, Learn Jazz Piano: III. Support your professional development and learn new teaching skills and approaches. I learnt 3 of them: C, C sharp and D and found that I could finger them with just the first 3 fingers, unless I’m finishing off the scale somewhere. This form of the diminished scale is generally referred to as the half-whole diminished scale. This is very advantageous, as it opens up a … As I say, we take a seventh and we flatten the ninth. the melodic minor ascending. We also have major A flat major triad and A flat minor triad. Create an account to receive our newsletter, course recommendations and promotions. The scale that I know has both the major third and the minor third in it. When it comes to the 25 and 251 progression, you can think of it as one scale to play over both the 2 and the 5. Harmonic major? You can play the diminished chord in all twelve keys. This is difficult to remember. In the next section we’ll look at the other important scale the altered scale. and then it’s the flattened ninth which determines which of the scales we want. If you take something like “So What” you’ve got a stretch of Dorian, so you really need to be on top of that scale. So seventh with a flattened ninth we use the diminished. Diminished scales are symmetrical and repeat in minor 3rds meaning that 1 diminished scale is actually 4 diminished scales. That was a standard which employed the melodic minor ascending scale.