The leaves of the tree are about 4 to 10 cm broad, and 5 to 15 cm long. Beech trees are native to the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. This prominent characteristic makes it vulnerable to damage caused by people who love to carve their names on the bark. Tree holes are an important part of the ecosystem since they support a variety of life. The color of the bark is usually light gray or bluish gray in color. The species that is widely found in North America is known as American beech or Fagus grandifolia. triangular beech nuts, known as beech masts, in prickly seed cases. This tree can live up to 400 years. These cookies do not store any personal information. Everything you need to know about British trees. As a beech tree can live for hundreds of years, it can provide important habitat for deadwood specialists like hole-nesting birds and wood-boring insects. VAT No. Beech (Fagus) is a genus of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia, and North America. Get an A-Z guide of trees by downloading our free tree ID app for Android and iOS. This is another important characteristic that makes the identification of this tree so easy. At the grand old age of 244, the avenue has found recent fame after featuring as the Kings Road in the TV series Game of Thrones. Registered in England No. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Help us get 50 million trees in the ground. Here are our tips on how to spot them, why some may look a little different and other interesting facts about this fantastic species. Beech trees provide important food and homes for lots of species. Rot holes form when bark is damaged, either by wind, animals or lightning or by pollarding, coppicing or pruning. Usually, the tree grows straight in its natural habitat to reach above the canopy of other trees in order to get sunlight. A 10-year-old sapling will stand about 4 m (13 ft) tall. Trees that show these unusual growth patterns are known as rippled beeches. Moth caterpillars enjoy munching through the leaves, including clay triple-lines and olive crescent. This is the most common beech tree across the world. Size of the Beech Tree. The true cause of rippled beech bark is unknown. Images © protected Woodland Trust. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! We know copper beeches have existed for centuries, but we still don’t understand why the colour variation happens. The fruits of this tree are edible. The Engleriana subgenus is found only in East Asia, distinctive for their low branches, often made up of several major trunks with yellowish bark. They are found to be arranged alternately along the twigs. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The leaves are oval and dark green in color, up to 4 inches long. Purple beech leaves can occur in the natural environment in two ways: The purple leaves of copper beech make the tree easily recognisable. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions. Nearly 100 years ago, Vic Stead grafted three beech saplings together to form the letter N, for his sweetheart Nellie who he went on to marry. Rippled beeches remain stable as they grow so there is no safety issue. The leaves or foliage of this tree are usually oval-shaped, either entire or with serrated edges and short stalks. Beech trees are an important source of food for wildlife including bank vole. Beech woodland makes an important habitat for lots of butterflies too. However, for proper identification, one should know some important characteristics of the tree like its size, the look of its bark and stem, the shape and size of the foliage and their pattern of arrangement, and the type of flower and fruit the tree produces. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Often, the tree will form scar tissue (calluses) which The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. These are the key information that one should know for identifying any kind of tree. The husk splits when it dries out, and thereby releases the fruits. More ancient beech trees often have hollow trunks, as do oaks and yews. We want to make sure everyone in the UK has the chance to plant a tree. The average height of a beech tree is 80 feet, though many of these deciduous trees can grow to attain a height of 100 feet and more. The male flowers are yellow in color and they bloom in early spring. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Such acts often ruin the beauty of this tree, and make it susceptible to insects and fungal infections. Beech can reach from 15 to 50 meters (50 to 164 feet) in height, depending on the species. Sometimes one rippled beech can be spotted among other beeches that are growing normally. All beech trees seem to have the genetic potential to be purple. Beech, also known as Fagus is a genus that includes ten species of deciduous trees, which belong to the family Fagaceae. After pollination, the triangular-shaped fruits develop, which can be found as single or in groups of two to three fruits within a spiny husk. The tree is a Nothofagus betuloides, Magellan's beech, a type of tree first collected by Captain Cook’s team. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types. The European beech (Fagus sylvatica… But like the common beech, copper beech also grows naturally, especially in the South East. In a few beech woods in the UK, you may even come across a copper beech growing among green beeches. But it is commonly planted throughout the UK.